More than ten million people around the world are currently held in a prison, jail, or some other form of penal institution. According to the World Prison Population List, prisoner counts have been increasing across every continent, with the United States ranked first in incarceration rates. In fact, the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics reported the U.S. prison population at the end of 2012 as 1,571,013-roughly equivalent to the entire population of Philadelphia. Architecture has an undeniable role within the incarceration systems that shape and control the lives of millions of people twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. While some architects have pioneered new approaches to the design of detention and correction facilities, others have questioned the very ethics of prison design. As the number of prisons in the United States has more than tripled over the past forty years, and nations such as Sweden are actually faced with the challenge of closing and repurposing correctional facilities no longer deemed necessary, now is the time to critically examine an often overlooked architectural typology: PRISONS. CONTRIBUTORS: ADPSR, Jeffrey Burchard, Jordan Carver, Jared Chausow, Archie Lee Coates IV, Steven Czifra, Joe Day, Andrea Alberto Dutto, Riley Doyle Evans, Rebekah Evenson, Camille Fenton, Tom Fontana, Jeffrey Franklin, Fabrizio Gallanti, Jeff Goodale, Matthew Hall, Adam Himes, Joseph Hohensinn, Julia van den Hout, Rutger Huiberts, INCA, Iredale Pederson Hook, Karrie Jacobs, Ammar Kalo, Carole Knapel, Stephanie Lee, Ang Li, Chris Loyal, Thomas Lozada, Katie Macdonald and Kyle Shumann, Kyle May, Mark Morris, Roger Paez i Blanch, Brian Pagnotta, Paul Preissner, Reality Cues, Jacob Reidel, Keramet Reiter, Lee Saloutos, Holly Schwarz, Rachel Meade Smith, Michael Sorkin, Michal Stangel, Matthew Storrie, Jason Toro, Ai Weiwei, Aaron White, Omar Willock and Gary Wolf.
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